Knowledge Bank

Timber Grade Descriptions

Grades & Variations in Timber
Timber is a spectacular and versatile material. It yields a vast degree of variety in colour, texture and naturally occurring feature. This diversity can be apparent even between pieces selected from batches of the same species. Sanding and finishing can also effect variation in colour and may even highlight subsurface feature.

Timbers are graded according to the amount of natural features present. Features of timber are pinholes, gum veins & surface checks. All timber contains some degree of feature.


Select
The select grade of timber denotes a minimal degree of natural feature. This is the highest grade of timber available.

Standard Grade
Standard grade relates to a moderately featured timber. Timber in this grade contains a regulated degree of feature, displaying a greater degree of natural pinhole and gum vein. These features will be larger in size and also be greater in quantity than select grade.

Feature Grade
Feature grade is timber displaying a high degree of features. Feature Grade Timber commonly displays large knots, gum veins & pinholes. Again, the features will be greater in quantity and larger in size than standard grade.


The above timber grades are standard across the industry. Other terms such as Prestige, Rustic, Wormy & Prime are also used in relation to Grades. Grades can be species specific so please contact WR Timbers if you require further details.